- A compromise brokered by Israel Labor Party stalwart Israel Galili in the summer of 1973 for the purpose of maintaining party unity. It committed Labor to supporting the establishment of settlements in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, the building of the town of Yamit in the Sinai Desert, and the integration of the economy of the Occupied Territories with that of Israel. This compromise satisfied such Labor Party hawks as Moshe Dayan (who had been threatening to bolt the party over its apparent softness on the issue of settlements), but it was opposed by such moderates as Abba Eban, who viewed it as a legitimization of the policy of "creeping annexation" advocated by the opposition Gahal Party in the Knesset headed by Menachem Begin. The Galili Document was dropped by Labor following the Yom Kippur War (1973) and replaced by a new 14-point platform supported by Eban and the party's moderate wing that made no explicit or implicit reference to the retention by Israel of any of the Occupied Territories, except Jerusalem. The platform also referred, for the first time, to Labor's recognition of the need for Palestinian self-expression in a Jordanian-Palestinian state.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
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